Far East Mobility was the sole member of the winning bid but included several local experts in the team, and a Guangzhou-based utilities firm and Yangon-based architectural firm was also added to the work during the latter stages. Far East Mobility was overall in charge of and responsible for all project components and outputs and our experts carried out around 50 visits to Yangon during the project. The project involved three Feasibility Studies: Bus priority/BRT, parking, and NMT, of which the first component received the most focus.
1. Bus Priority / BRT Feasibility Study
The bus priority / BRT feasibility study included all key components of BRT planning and design.
- Surveys and data collection
- Corridor definition
- Demand analysis and operational planning
- Roadways and intersections
- Modelling and economic analysis
- Architecture and utilities (with Design Valley Architects)
- Capacity-building and training.
2. NMT Feasibility Study
The Non-Motorized Transport improvements focused on pedestrians, since bicycles are banned in the downtown area. A large range of pedestrian facility improvements were planned, designed and discussed with stakeholders – especially the Yangon City Development Committee. NMT improvement facilities were proposed in three areas: (i) the downtown CBD area; (ii) along the BRT corridors; (iii) on a dozen of the highest demand access roads to the BRT corridors. The proposed measures including walkway pavement, intersection crossings, mid-block crossings, greenery, speed tables, lighting, weather protection, raised driveways and intersections, and others were included as a separate component of the cost estimates but were planned and intended to be implemented as part of the BRT corridor planning.
3. Parking Improvement Feasibility Study
Parking problems are so acute in the downtown area that without addressing them, the public transport and pedestrian facility improvements would be unlikely to be able to be implemented, since parking takes up so much of the right-of-way. For this reason, it was important that parking be included within the bus priority/BRT project scope. Far East Mobility carried out a parking study to form the basis of the FS proposals on issues like the parking zone (three CBD zones were proposed, in coordination with YCDC), parking charge, potential parking revenues, and a range of policy and technology options. YCDC was strongly interested in the parking recommendations and several meetings and presentations were held with them on this topic. While the focus was on on-street, off-street parking & zoning recommendations were also provided.